Colon Cancer Treatment in India

We at Arvene Healthcare have the expertise to organize for all treatments and surgeries related to Colon Cancer. Arvene Healthcare is associated with top hospitals and Doctors of India in this field. We can give you more and better options so that you can take the right decisions. We also assist you in taking best decision based on your requirement. Arvene Healthcare will also arrange for your stay and local travel, so that you have nothing else to worry about but your treatment. Please contact us on today to avail best services.

What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer, also known as bowel cancer or colorectal cancer or cancer of the bowel, is the cancer of large intestine (lower part of the digestive system). Majority of colon cancer cases start as small and non-cancerous clumps of the cells known as adenomatous. After a certain period of time, these polyps become colon cancers.

Types of Colon Cancer

Adenocarcinoma is considered as the most common type of colon cancer. This type of colon cancer begins in the inner layer that spreads deep into the other layers.

colon cancer

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors : This is considered as a rare type of colon cancer that begins in a cell found in the gastrointestinal tract lining known as interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). These type of tumors are classified as sarcomas that include cartilage, fat, bones, blood vessels, deep skin tissues, muscle and nerves.

Squamous Cell Carcinomas: Certain portions of the gastrointestinal tract such as the end of the anus and the upper part of the oesophagus are lined with squamous cells. Squamous cell carcinomas are those cancers that begin in these cells.

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors: This type of colon cancer is considered as a slow-growing cancer that develops in the neuroendocrine cell in the GI tract lining.

Primary Colorectal Lymphomas: The cancers that grow in the lymphatic system of cells (lymphocytes) are known as lymphomas. Primary colorectal lymphomas develop in the later stages of life and are more commonly seen in men as compared to women.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer

The early symptoms of colon cancer include -

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Change in normal bowel habits
  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • A feeling of bloating, especially near the belly button
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain

Diagnosis of Colon Cancer

A number of tests are performed for diagnosing colon cancer that include -

  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Assay: The normal as well as cancer cells release CEA in the bloodstream. When these CEA is found in large amounts then it indicates colon cancer.
  • Proctoscopy: : A proctoscope (a thin and tube-like instrument having light and lens for viewing) is inserted into the rectum in this rectum test.
  • Physical Examination and History: This is done for examining the general signs of health and also for seeing any indications of disease that may include lumps. Proper evaluation of the history of a patient is done that include past illnesses and treatments taken. span>
  • Colonoscopy: This test is performed for viewing the colon and rectum from within in order to see the presence of cancer, polyps or abnormal areas.
  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): The insertion of the gloved and lubricated finger is done into the lower part of the rectum for viewing the presence of lumps.
  • Biopsy: The signs of cancer are checked by removing tissues or cells that are then examined under a microscope.
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan (PET)
  • CT scan
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Treatment of Colon Cancer

There are six treatment options for colon cancer that include -

Targeted Therapy: Certain substances and drugs are used by the targeted therapy in order to target particular cancer cells without causing any harm to nearby normal cells. The two types of targeted therapy include -

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors: This helps in stopping the growth of new blood vessels which tumors need to grow.
  • Monoclonal Antibodies: These antibodies are prepared in the laboratory with the help of a single type of immune system. Certain substances can be identified by these antibodies that are on the cancer cells or it also identifies certain normal substances that are helping in the growth of cancer cells. These antibodies then attach themselves with the substances for destroying cancer cells and also prevent them from spreading.

Chemotherapy: Certain types of drugs are used for stopping the growth of cancer cells or for destroying the cancer cells. The injection of these drugs is done into a vein from where they enter the bloodstream and they then travel through the entire body.

Radiation Therapy: High-energy beams are used for destroying cancer cells. Internal radiation and external radiation are the two types of radiation therapy.

Surgery: The surgical procedure involves the removal of diseased segment with sufficient margins, surrounding lymph nodes and tissue.

Sometimes chemotherapy or radiation therapy is provided after surgery in order to shrink the tumor. This makes the removal of the tumor easy while simultaneously lessening the problems associated with bowel control after surgery.

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